Skin Conditions

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin disease in which autoimmunity plays an important role.  In psoriasis the immune system targets the skin and leads to inflammation which looks like red scaly patches on the body. The cause is unknown but there is abundant evidence that psoriasis is based on genetic and environmental triggers.  It can occur in any skin area including the scalp, nails, genital areas and can even affect the joints.  Psoriasis is fairly common and affects approximately 2% of the population.
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Acne

Acne occurs when hair follicles become blocked due to build-up of excess skin cells and oily secretions of the skin.  The factors that contribute to this “clogging” of the pores are influenced by many factors most notably hormones involved in growth.  That is why acne is most common in the teen age years and also occurs during pregnancy. Although the role of diet in acne is controversial, dairy products may contribute to acne in some cases.  There are other more rare causes of acne that your dermatologist will consider and specific tests are sometimes appropriate.  Early treatment of acne can help prevent long term scarring.
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Rosacea

Rosacea causes redness in the central face and nose and is often associated with acne-like bumps.  There are several different types of rosacea.  The most common type  involves facial redness with pimples and pus-filled bumps.  Some people only have the redness of rosacea and lack pimples.  Sun damage plays a big part in the development of rosacea and although antibiotics are often used to decrease inflammation associated with this skin condition, rosacea is not thought to represent any type of infection.
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Hair and Nail Conditions

Dermatologists treat specialized areas of the skin including hair and nails.  Hair loss in men and women can be associated with a variety of infections, genetic conditions, and systemic illnesses.  Nail conditions including nail fungus and ingrown toe nails are also commonly treated by a dermatologist.
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